Crimes Against Persons

Crimes Against Persons

Fatal Offences Homicide: Murder and Manslaughter We hear the word “murder” used in a lot of situations: “This job is murder!” Environmental activists sometimes refer to the “murder” of animals or even trees. But, under the law, it is not murder to kill an animal, a tree, or any living thing except a human being. A person cannot murder a kitten, no matter how cute the kitten nor how mean the human. Attempted Murder Of all the crimes punished by society, none are more serious than the crime of murder,…

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Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is a form of abuse involving the use of physical aggression, or coercion that causes injury to  a spouse, partner, child or other family member. Here you will find a variety of information about domestic violence, including a general overview of domestic violence laws, state specific laws, and common questions and answers related to domestic violence. Domestic Violence Laws & Penalties Domestic Violence Laws and PenaltiesDomestic violence is a violent act committed against a person in a domestic relationship whom the law protects from assault, such as a…

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Sex Crimes

Sexual Offenses Rape Laws, Defenses and Penalties Rape is sexual intercourse that is forced on another without the person’s consent or against the person’s will. This act is criminalized throughout the United States, but the legal term for it varies from state to state. Date RapeSexual assault perpetrated by an acquaintance, such as a date, is still rape– the relationship of the victim and perpetrator do not define the crime. But issues of proof sometimes make the cases hard to prove. Sexual Assault Laws and PenaltiesThe term sexual assault, in…

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Drug Laws

An Overview of Drug Possession Laws Possession of a Controlled Substance: Drug Possession LawsWhat is a controlled substance? Learn about the penalties for drug possession and the laws in your state. Possession of Drug ParaphernaliaAlong with drug possession charges, possession of drug paraphernalia charges are one of the more commonly charged crimes in any jurisdiction. Read more to understand the legal definition, circumstances and penalties. Felony Drug PossessionPossessing “illegal drugs” may be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony, a more serious charge. The prosecutor’s choice will depend on the…

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Alcohol Related Crimes

Overview of Alcohol Related Crimes DUI Charges and PenaltiesAn overview of DUI (driving under the influence) offense classifications and possible consequences. Felony DUI: AlcoholDrunk driving is often referred to as driving under the influence of alcohol, or DUI, but can also be known as as driving while intoxicated, or DWI, or by similar terms. Felony DUI: DrugsDriving a vehicle is an inherently dangerous activity, and one that can lead to serious injury, damage, or death if not done properly. Driving becomes particularly dangerous when an intoxicated person gets behind the…

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Migration Law

International migration law (IML), which is the international legal framework governing migration, is not covered by any one legal instrument or norm. Instead, IML is an umbrella term covering a variety of principles and rules that together regulate the international obligations of States with regard to migrants. Such broad range of principles and rules belong to numerous branches of international law such as human rights law, humanitarian law, labour law, refugee law, consular law and maritime law. IOM works to increase knowledge and acceptance of the legal instruments that protect…

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Labor Laws and Issues

Discrimination and Harassment at Your Job The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination. These laws protect employees and job applicants against: Discrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment in the workplace by anyone because of: Race Color Religion Sex (including gender identity, transgender status, and sexual orientation) Pregnancy National origin Age (40 or older) Disability Genetic information Being denied reasonable workplace accommodations for disability or religious beliefs Retaliation because they: Complained about job discrimination Helped with an investigation or lawsuit Not All Employers Are Subject to EEOC Laws An employer…

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What is the Civil Law?

Civil law systems, are based on concepts, categories, and rules derived from Roman law, with some influence of canon law, sometimes largely supplemented or modified by local custom or culture. The civil law tradition, though secularized over the centuries and placing more focus on individual freedom, promotes cooperation between human beings. In their technical, narrow sense, the words civil law describe the law that pertains to persons, things, and relationships that develop among them, excluding not only criminal law but also commercial law, labor law, etc. Codification took place in most…

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Criminal Liability

In the U.S. legal system, a person may be punished for a crime only if she has been convicted of a crime, that is, found criminally liable. This article discusses what constitutes criminal liability. For a discussion of civil liability, see our article on Civil Liability. Crime A crime is an offense against the state, as defined by each state’s criminal laws. No act is a crime until it is recognized as such by society and written into the states’ and federal criminal codes. We may think certain acts have always…

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